Honey generally contain trace amounts of vitamins, including vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin K, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, biotin, choline etc.. There are proteins, peptone, amino acids, etc. in nitrogen compounds. It contains enzymes such as invertase, catalase, amylase, oxidase, reductase and so on, and contains acetylcholine. The ash content mainly contains magnesium, calcium, potassium, sodium, sulfur, phosphorus and trace elements of iron, copper, manganese, nickel and so on. Organic acids contain citric acid, malic acid, succinic acid, formic acid, acetic acid and so on.
Honey contains glucose and fructose, accounting for about 65 ~ 80%; sucrose is very few, no more than 8%; moisture is 16 to 25%; dextrin and non sugar substances, minerals, organic acids and other contents are about 5%. In addition, it also contains a small amount of enzymes, aromatic substances and vitamins. Different varieties of honey nectar plants, the ingredients are not the same.
Fresh and mature honey is thick, transparent or translucent colloidal liquid. Some of them can be wrapped in newspapers. Some honey can be placed at lower temperature and gradually crystallized into crystal. The proportion of honey is 1.401 to 1.443.
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